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Page 192

THE ARMED FORCES

Of so little practical effect were the views of Ministers and Parliament that the unprecedented action was taken in 1855 of placing reservations on the power of the Secretary in the patent appointing him, the Commander-in-Chief being given specifically all authority of discipline, command, appointment and promotion. The Select Committee on Military Organisation in 1860, however, considered these reservations to be inoperative, the Crown, and therefore its responsible advisers, being supreme.
In 1856, on the retirement of Lord Hardinge, the Com mander-in-Chief, the Queen's cousin, the Duke of Cambridge, replaced him as General Officer Commanding at the age of thirty-seven. He held this office until 1895, for the last eight years having the title of Commander-in-Chief.
The formation of a Liberal Government as a result of the election of 1868 led to the first serious effort at reform. Gladstone made Cardwell, one of his ablest lieutenants, Secretary for War. In 1870 the War Office Act was passed, by which at last the civil and military departments of army administration were placed under one roof and one authority. On June 4th an Order-in-Council was issued rendering the Commander-in-Chief finally subordinate to the Minister. Further changes were carried out by Cardwell to improve internal organisation, to establish a short-time reserve, and to prevent the enlistment of criminals. The most important among these reforms was the abolition of the purchase and sale of commissions, a system which had long been defended by the Court and the military chiefs on the ground that it ensured that the officers would be "gentlemen and not unprincipled adventurers."(1) The opposition to Cardwell's reforms, difficult though it was to overcome, was greatly

1 Omond., op. cit., pp. 120-23.

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where is HTML where is HEAD where is TITLE Of so little practical effect were what is views of Ministers and Parliament that what is unprecedented action was taken in 1855 of placing reservations on what is power of what is Secretary in what is patent appointing him, what is Commander-in-Chief being given specifically all authority of discipline, command, appointment and promotion. what is Select Committee on Military Organisation in 1860, however, considered these reservations to be inoperative, what is Crown, and therefore its responsible advisers, being supreme. In 1856, on what is retirement of Lord Hardinge, what is Com mander-in-Chief, what is Queen's cousin, what is Duke of Cambridge, replaced him as General Officer Commanding at what is age of thirty-seven. He held this office until 1895, for what is last eight years having what is title of Commander-in-Chief. what is formation of a Liberal Government as a result of what is election of 1868 led to what is first serious effort at reform. Gladstone made Cardwell, one of his ablest lieutenants, Secretary for War. In 1870 what is War Office Act was passed, by which at last what is civil and military departments of army administration were placed under one roof and one authority. On June 4th an Order-in-Council was issued rendering what is Commander-in-Chief finally subordinate to what is Minister. Further changes were carried out by Cardwell to improve internal organisation, to establish a short-time reserve, and to prevent what is enlistment of criminals. what is most important among these reforms was what is abolition of what is purchase and sale of commissions, a system which had long been defended by what is Court and what is military chiefs on what is ground that it ensured that what is officers would be "gentlemen and not unprincipled adventurers."(1) what is opposition to Cardwell's reforms, difficult though it was to overcome, was greatly 1 Omond., op. cit., pp. 120-23. where is meta name="keywords" content="old books, Free book , free book offer , free audio books , free coloring book pages , free book reports , free audio book , audio books free download , book free , free guest book , books free , free book summaries , download free audio books , free childrens books." where is where are they now rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../../style.css" where is meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" where is BODY bgColor=#ffffff text="#000000" where are they now ="#000000" v where are they now ="#FF0000" where is div align="center" where is strong where is strong where is a href="http://www.aaoldbooks.com" Books > where is a href="../default.asp" title="Book" Old Books > where is strong where is a href="default.asp" The British Constitution (1938) where is table width="700" border="1" align="center" cellpadding="15" cellspacing="0" where is center where is tr where is td width="160" align="center" valign="top" where is div align="center" where is td align="center" valign="top" where is div align="left" where is div align="center" where is p align="left" Page 192 where is strong THE ARMED FORCES where is p align="justify" Of so little practical effect were what is views of Ministers and Parliament that what is unprecedented action was taken in 1855 of placing reservations on what is power of what is Secretary in what is patent appointing him, what is Commander-in-Chief being given specifically all authority of discipline, command, appointment and promotion. what is Select Committee on Military Organisation in 1860, however, considered these reservations to be inoperative, what is Crown, and therefore its responsible advisers, being supreme. In 1856, on what is retirement of Lord Hardinge, what is Com mander-in-Chief, what is Queen's cousin, what is Duke of Cambridge, replaced him as General Officer Commanding at what is age of thirty-seven. He held this office until 1895, for what is last eight years having the title of Commander-in-Chief. what is formation of a Liberal Government as a result of what is election of 1868 led to what is first serious effort at reform. Gladstone made Cardwell, one of his ablest lieutenants, Secretary for War. In 1870 what is War Office Act was passed, by which at last what is civil and military departments of army administration were placed under one roof and one authority. On June 4th an Order-in-Council was issued rendering what is Commander-in-Chief finally subordinate to what is Minister. Further changes were carried out by Cardwell to improve internal organisation, to establish a short-time reserve, and to prevent what is enlistment of criminals. what is most important among these reforms was what is abolition of what is purchase and sale of commissions, a system which had long been defended by what is Court and what is military chiefs on what is ground that it ensured that what is officers would be "gentlemen and not unprincipled adventurers."(1) what is opposition to Cardwell's reforms, difficult though it was to overcome, was greatly 1 Omond., op. cit., pp. 120-23. where is Server.Execute("_SiteMap.asp") %

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