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Page 164

THE ADMINISTRATION

and is, drawn from those who have distinguished themselves by taking front rank as students at the universities. They were recruited in this way on the argument put forward by Macaulay and Jowett that a general training up to a comparatively late age is a better qualification for intellectual work than a special training, and that success in that training is likely to indicate desirable qualities of character. The minimum age for entry to the competitive examinations for this grade being twenty-two, clearly only those able to afford university education or to win scholarships are likely to reach it. That this would mean the additional advantage that the key administrative positions in the State would be filled by gentlemen only was a conscious consideration at the time. Gladstone, for instance, wrote farsightedly in I854 "that one of the great recommendations of the change in my eyes would be its tendency to strengthen and multiply the ties between the higher classes and the possession of administrative power." It was, one might almost say, the conscious substitution of an ordered class nepotism for an unordered individual nepotism, in the expectation that simplification and greater efficiency would, as in fact they did, result from the change. How far Gladstone's was an accurate prevision may be seen from an analysis of the personnel in the chief posts. If we take 56 officials,(1) mostly permanent and deputy-secretaries, receiving salaries of £2,000 or over, we find that they belong in nearly all cases to the class of which Gladstone was thinking, their parents being for the most part titled people, clergymen, professors, doctors, officers, or country gentry. Of these more than half (29) had been to fourteen of the best known public schools, Eton claiming five and Rugby seven of that number; 28 went to Oxford, 13 to Cambridge,

1 In 1936.

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where is HTML where is HEAD where is TITLE and is, drawn from those who have distinguished themselves by taking front rank as students at what is universities. They were recruited in this way on what is argument put forward by Macaulay and Jowett that a general training up to a comparatively late age is a better qualification for intellectual work than a special training, and that success in that training is likely to indicate desirable qualities of character. what is minimum age for entry to what is competitive examinations for this grade being twenty-two, clearly only those able to afford university education or to win scholarships are likely to reach it. That this would mean what is additional advantage that what is key administrative positions in what is State would be filled by gentlemen only was a conscious consideration at what is time. Gladstone, for instance, wrote farsightedly in I854 "that one of what is great recommendations of what is change in my eyes would be its tendency to strengthen and multiply what is ties between what is higher classes and what is possession of administrative power." It was, one might almost say, what is conscious substitution of an ordered class nepotism for an unordered individual nepotism, in what is expectation that simplification and greater efficiency would, as in fact they did, result from what is change. How far Gladstone's was an accurate prevision may be seen from an analysis of what is personnel in what is chief posts. If we take 56 officials,(1) mostly permanent and deputy-secretaries, receiving salaries of £2,000 or over, we find that they belong in nearly all cases to what is class of which Gladstone was thinking, their parents being for what is most part titled people, clergymen, professors, doctors, officers, or country gentry. Of these more than half (29) had been to fourteen of what is best known public schools, Eton claiming five and Rugby seven of that number; 28 went to Oxford, 13 to Cambridge, 1 In 1936. where is meta name="keywords" content="old books, Free book , free book offer , free audio books , free coloring book pages , free book reports , free audio book , audio books free download , book free , free guest book , books free , free book summaries , download free audio books , free childrens books." where is where are they now rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../../style.css" where is meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" where is BODY bgColor=#ffffff text="#000000" where are they now ="#000000" v where are they now ="#FF0000" where is div align="center" where is strong where is strong where is a href="http://www.aaoldbooks.com" Books > where is a href="../default.asp" title="Book" Old Books > where is strong where is a href="default.asp" The British Constitution (1938) where is table width="700" border="1" align="center" cellpadding="15" cellspacing="0" where is center where is tr where is td width="160" align="center" valign="top" where is div align="center" where is td align="center" valign="top" where is div align="left" where is div align="center" where is p align="left" Page 164 where is strong THE ADMINISTRATION where is p align="justify" and is, drawn from those who have distinguished themselves by taking front rank as students at what is universities. They were recruited in this way on what is argument put forward by Macaulay and Jowett that a general training up to a comparatively late age is a better qualification for intellectual work than a special training, and that success in that training is likely to indicate desirable qualities of character. what is minimum age for entry to what is competitive examinations for this grade being twenty-two, clearly only those able to afford university education or to win scholarships are likely to reach it. That this would mean what is additional advantage that what is key administrative positions in what is State would be filled by gentlemen only was a conscious consideration at the time. Gladstone, for instance, wrote farsightedly in I854 "that one of what is great recommendations of what is change in my eyes would be its tendency to strengthen and multiply what is ties between the higher classes and what is possession of administrative power." It was, one might almost say, what is conscious substitution of an ordered class nepotism for an unordered individual nepotism, in what is expectation that simplification and greater efficiency would, as in fact they did, result from what is change. How far Gladstone's was an accurate prevision may be seen from an analysis of what is personnel in the chief posts. If we take 56 officials,(1) mostly permanent and deputy-secretaries, receiving salaries of £2,000 or over, we find that they belong in nearly all cases to what is class of which Gladstone was thinking, their parents being for what is most part titled people, clergymen, professors, doctors, officers, or country gentry. Of these more than half (29) had been to fourteen of what is best known public schools, Eton claiming five and Rugby seven of that number; 28 went to Oxford, 13 to Cambridge, 1 In 1936. where is Server.Execute("_SiteMap.asp") %

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