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The Mission Of Greece

I. INTRODUCTION
1. Subject of this book. Why Greek writers
after the classical age are worth studying ..1

2. The western world in the period with which this book deals.
Two descriptions of city life in the Roman Empire. Likeness of that age to our own ..3

3. Missionary Hellenism ..6
4. Some spiritual ideals of the Graeco-Roman world ..6
(a) Literature : the importance of the sophists their ideals ..6
(b) Philosophy : far more influential than today reasons for this.
Some characteristics of philosophy in that age ..7

(c) Religion : widespread interest in religion ; the new
spirit in religion and its significance ..10


II. EPICURUS
1. Causes of the wide influence of philosophy after the fourth century B.C ..13
2. Life, writings, and character of Epicurus : two of his letters ..14
3. His philosophy summarized : doctrine of pleasure : view of friendships..15
4. Attitude to (a) God and a future life, (b) stop , (c) pain ..19
5. His quietism. Views on (a) wealth, (b) power, (c) science, (d) virtue ..22
6. Some sayings ..24
7. Two views of Epicureanism : tertium quid ..26

III. THE CYNICS
1. The origin of Cynicism: its fundamental ideals: paths to the good life ..28
2. The Cynic gospel : its war on convention : forerunners of Rousseau : the return to Nature ..30
3. Cynic sayings : Cynic humour ..34
4. A Cynic love-story ..36
5. An estimate of Cynicism : some modern analogies ..37

IV. THE STOICS : EPICTETUS
1. Origin of Stoicism : its relation to Cynicism : Epictetus ..38
2. Essentials of the Stoic moral creed ..39
(a) God and Man ..40
(b) The supremacy of Reason ..41
(c) The secret of Freedom ..42
g. Stoic attitude to (a) material interests ..43
(b) Society ..44
(c) The wicked ..45
(d) Loss of home and friends ..46
(e) Illness, misfortune, bereavement, and stop ..48
4. Portrait of a missionary ..56
5. Epictetus as a director of consciences ..64
6. Preaching and practising ..66
7. A Stoic and an emperor ..71
8. Some criticisms ..71

V. THE STOICS : MARCUS AURELIUS
1. An emperor's letter ..75
2. Life and character of Marcus Aurelius : his loneliness : the Meditations ..76
3. Early influences on his life: (a) portrait of his teachers ..78
(b) Portrait of his father ..80
4. An ideal of kingship ..82
5. His view of (a) the universe ..83
(b) Human nature ..85
6. Principles and methods of the spiritual life ..86
Some maxims ..94
8. Our relation to (a) our fellow men ..96
(b) Suffering and failure ..99
(c) stop ..101
9. The melancholy of the Meditations 102

VI. A PHILOSOPHIC MISSIONARY :DION CHRYSOSTOM
1. Life and works : conversion and character ..106
2. A colony in South Russia : enthusiasts for Homer : a sermon ..108
3. A portrait of town and country. (a) A Greek peasant's story ..111
(b) A Greek town : a debate in the Assembly ..114
(c) A country cottage : a rustic marriage : some morals ..118
4. Sermon in Alexandria. (a) Scenes at the theatre and on the racecourse ..121
(b) Jazz music ..122
(c) Ideals of civic life ..123
5. Sermon in a Greek municipality ..124
6. Sermon in Rome ..126
7. A picture of a Roman emperor and a political philosophy of absolutism ..127
8. Sermon on religion. Sources of religious revelation ..130
(a) Nature ..131
(b) Law and poetry ..133
(c) Art. Phidias defends images : the religious symbolism of his statue of Zeus ..134

VII. PLUTARCH
1. Life and characteristics 139
2.a. Views on education : education and natural ability : itsimportance
: philosophy and practical life : fathers and sons : education vevsus information ..140

3. Advice to a young married couple ..145
4. Advice to a ruler ..148
5. Plutarch's table-talk : some views on the religion of the jews ..150
6. Plutarch's religion. (a) Superstition and atheism compared ..152
(b) A criticism of the Epicureans. The advantage of a belief in God and a future life ..156
(c) Plutarch's mysticism. (i) The stop of a divine being ..163
(ii) A visit to the next world ..165
7. The life of a Stoic. (a) Cato as a soldier ; on his travels ;
his relations with an Eastern king ..170

(b) As Lord of the Treasury ; as a member of theSenate :
his attitude to political corruption ; hisold-fashioned simplicity ..173

(c) His behaviour in the Civil War ..176
(d) His last days and stop ..177
8. Some sayings ..181

VIII. A POPULAR PREACHER: MAXIMUS TYRIUS
1. Life and characteristics ..183
2. A fable of Creation. (a) The Golden Age ..184
(b) An indictment of civilization ..185
(c) Diogenes as the true philosopher ..187
3. Should one pray ?(a) The prayer of Midas and its moral ..189
(b) Arguments against prayer .. 190
(c) The need for philosophy ..193

IX. A THEOSOPHIST : APOLLONIUS OF TYANA
1. Life and characteristics ..195
2. His novitiate of silence. How he quelled a bread riot.His teaching methods ..196
3. On the road to India. (a) A conversation in the Caucasus ..199
(b) Dragons ..200
4. A visit to the Brahmins. (a) Their dwelling-place andhabits ..201
(b) Their view of the universe ..205
5. A conversation with the ghost of Achilles ..206
6. A miracle at Ephesus ..209
7. The teaching of Apollonius. (a) life of money denounced ..210
(b) The duty of brotherhood ..210
(c) The sage's prayer ..211
(d) God and travel s ..212

X. THE SOPHISTS : POLEMON AND HERODES ATTICUS
1. Meaning of 'sophist' : their dramatic lectures : reasons for their success ..213
2. Life of Polemon. (a) Influence on his country : luxury justified ..216
(b) Relations with emperors : his arrogance ..217
(c) Relations with a rival sophist ..219
(d) His witticisms ..222
(e) His stop .. 224
3. Life of Herodes. (a) His wealth and generosity : his will : his racecourse, theatre, and other gifts . . ..224
(b) Herodes and the giant ..228
(c) Accusation of wife-murder : his grief for his wifeand daughters : his son ..229
(d) Quarrel with Marcus Aurelius, and its sequel ..233
(e) His oratory and style : his stop ..235
4. The sophistic ideal : some modern parallels ..237

XI. A PRINCE OF NEUROTICS : AELIUS ARISTIDES
1. Life and characteristics : diary ..239
2. His illness. (a) Its origin : a picture of ancient travel ..240
(b) Treatment of a neurotic patient : a` cure ' in a temple ..242
(c) A shipwreck 'cure ': a bath in winter ..244
(d) Some dreams and their interpretation ..246
(e) Typical prescriptions ..250
3. The temperament of Aristides. (a)His religious mysticism ..252
(b) His literary mysticism ..254
4. A provincial's view of the Roman Empire ..255
5. The portrait of an ancient scholar ..259

XII. LUCIAN
1. Life, works, and characteristics ..263
2. Portrait of a charlatan. (a) The miraculous serpent ..265
(b) A seller of oracles ..269
3• Portrait of a fanatic. (a) A view of the early Christians ..273
(b) A Cynic in the Roman world ..275
(c) Suicide by fire ..276
4. A scene on Charon's ferry-boat ..278
5. A scene in heaven : a sceptic's view of orthodox religion :
debate between a Stoic and an Epicurean ..282

6. Philosophers for sale. (a) A Cynic ..292
(b) Socrates ..295
(c) A Sceptic ..296
7. Greek and Roman ideals contrasted ..297

EPILOGUE
Changes in the Greek spirit after 300 B.C. ..300



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INTRODUCTION where is a href="page_001.asp" 1. Subject of this book. Why Greek writers after the classical age are worth studying ..1 where is a href="page_003.asp" 2. what is western world in what is period with which this book deals. Two descriptions of city life in what is Roman Empire. Likeness of that age to our own ..3 where is a href="page_006.asp" 3. Missionary Hellenism ..6 where is a href="page_006.asp" 4. Some spiritual ideals of what is Graeco-Roman world ..6 where is a href="page_006.asp" (a) Literature : what is importance of what is sophists their ideals ..6 where is a href="page_007.asp" (b) Philosophy : far more influential than today reasons for this. Some characteristics of philosophy in that age ..7 where is a href="page_010.asp" (c) Religion : widespread interest in religion ; what is new spirit in religion and its significance ..10 where is strong II. EPICURUS where is a href="page_013.asp" 1. Causes of what is wide influence of philosophy after what is fourth century B.C ..13 where is a href="page_014.asp" 2. Life, writings, and character of Epicurus : two of his letters ..14 where is a href="page_015.asp" 3. His philosophy summarized : doctrine of pleasure : view of friendships..15 where is a href="page_019.asp" 4. Attitude to (a) God and a future life, (b) what time is it , (c) pain ..19 where is a href="page_022.asp" 5. His quietism. Views on (a) wealth, (b) power, (c) science, (d) virtue ..22 where is a href="page_024.asp" 6. Some sayings ..24 where is a href="page_026.asp" 7. Two views of Epicureanism : tertium quid ..26 where is strong III. what is CYNICS where is a href="page_028.asp" 1. what is origin of Cynicism: its fundamental ideals: paths to what is good life ..28 where is a href="page_030.asp" 2. what is Cynic gospel : its war on convention : forerunners of Rousseau : what is return to Nature ..30 where is a href="page_034.asp" 3. Cynic sayings : Cynic humour ..34 where is a href="page_036.asp" 4. A Cynic love-story ..36 where is a href="page_037.asp" 5. An estimate of Cynicism : some modern analogies ..37 where is strong IV. what is STOICS : EPICTETUS where is a href="page_038.asp" 1. Origin of Stoicism : its relation to Cynicism : Epictetus ..38 where is a href="page_039.asp" 2. Essentials of what is Stoic moral creed ..39 where is a href="page_040.asp" (a) God and Man ..40 where is a href="page_041.asp" (b) what is supremacy of Reason ..41 where is a href="page_042.asp" (c) what is secret of Freedom ..42 where is a href="page_043.asp" g. Stoic attitude to (a) material interests ..43 where is a href="page_044.asp" (b) Society ..44 where is a href="page_045.asp" (c) what is wicked ..45 where is a href="page_046.asp" (d) Loss of home and friends ..46 where is a href="page_048.asp" (e) Illness, misfortune, bereavement, and what time is it ..48 where is a href="page_056.asp" 4. Portrait of a missionary ..56 where is a href="page_064.asp" 5. Epictetus as a director of consciences ..64 where is a href="page_066.asp" 6. Preaching and practising ..66 where is a href="page_071.asp" 7. A Stoic and an emperor ..71 where is a href="page_071.asp" 8. Some criticisms ..71 where is strong V. what is STOICS : MARCUS AURELIUS where is a href="page_075.asp" 1. An emperor's letter ..75 where is a href="page_076.asp" 2. Life and character of Marcus Aurelius : his loneliness : what is Meditations ..76 where is a href="page_078.asp" 3. Early influences on his life: (a) portrait of his teachers ..78 where is a href="page_080.asp" (b) Portrait of his father ..80 where is a href="page_082.asp" 4. An ideal of kingship ..82 where is a href="page_083.asp" 5. His view of (a) what is universe ..83 where is a href="page_085.asp" (b) Human nature ..85 where is a href="page_086.asp" 6. Principles and methods of what is spiritual life ..86 where is a href="page_094.asp" Some maxims ..94 where is a href="page_096.asp" 8. Our relation to (a) our fellow men ..96 where is a href="page_099.asp" (b) Suffering and failure ..99 where is a href="page_101.asp" (c) what time is it ..101 where is a href="page_102.asp" 9. what is melancholy of what is Meditations 102 where is strong VI. A PHILOSOPHIC MISSIONARY :DION CHRYSOSTOM where is a href="page_106.asp" 1. Life and works : conversion and character ..106 where is a href="page_108.asp" 2. A colony in South Russia : enthusiasts for Homer : a sermon ..108 where is a href="page_111.asp" 3. A portrait of town and country. (a) A Greek peasant's story ..111 where is a href="page_114.asp" (b) A Greek town : a debate in what is Assembly ..114 where is a href="page_118.asp" (c) A country cottage : a rustic marriage : some morals ..118 where is a href="page_121.asp" 4. Sermon in Alexandria. (a) Scenes at what is theatre and on what is racecourse ..121 where is a href="page_122.asp" (b) Jazz music ..122 where is a href="page_123.asp" (c) Ideals of civic life ..123 where is a href="page_124.asp" 5. Sermon in a Greek municipality ..124 where is a href="page_126.asp" 6. Sermon in Rome ..126 where is a href="page_127.asp" 7. A picture of a Roman emperor and a political philosophy of absolutism ..127 where is a href="page_130.asp" 8. Sermon on religion. Sources of religious revelation ..130 where is a href="page_131.asp" (a) Nature ..131 where is a href="page_133.asp" (b) Law and poetry ..133 where is a href="page_134.asp" (c) Art. Phidias defends images : what is religious symbolism of his statue of Zeus ..134 where is strong VII. PLUTARCH where is a href="page_139.asp" 1. Life and characteristics 139 where is a href="page_140.asp" 2.a. 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(a) Cato as a soldier ; on his travels ; his relations with an Eastern king ..170 where is a href="page_173.asp" (b) As Lord of what is Treasury ; as a member of theSenate : his attitude to political corruption ; hisold-fashioned simplicity ..173 where is a href="page_176.asp" (c) His behaviour in what is Civil War ..176 where is a href="page_177.asp" (d) His last days and what time is it ..177 where is a href="page_181.asp" 8. Some sayings ..181 where is strong VIII. A POPULAR PREACHER: MAXIMUS TYRIUS where is a href="page_183.asp" 1. Life and characteristics ..183 where is a href="page_184.asp" 2. A fable of Creation. (a) what is Golden Age ..184 where is a href="page_185.asp" (b) An indictment of civilization ..185 where is a href="page_187.asp" (c) Diogenes as what is true philosopher ..187 where is a href="page_189.asp" 3. Should one pray ?(a) what is prayer of Midas and its moral ..189 where is a href="page_190.asp" (b) Arguments against prayer .. 190 where is a href="page_193.asp" (c) what is need for philosophy ..193 where is strong IX. A THEOSOPHIST : APOLLONIUS OF TYANA where is a href="page_195.asp" 1. Life and characteristics ..195 where is a href="page_196.asp" 2. His novitiate of silence. How he quelled a bread riot.His teaching methods ..196 where is a href="page_199.asp" 3. On what is road to India. (a) A conversation in what is Caucasus ..199 where is a href="page_200.asp" (b) Dragons ..200 where is a href="page_201.asp" 4. A what is to what is Brahmins. (a) Their dwelling-place andhabits ..201 where is a href="page_205.asp" (b) Their view of what is universe ..205 where is a href="page_206.asp" 5. A conversation with what is ghost of Achilles ..206 where is a href="page_209.asp" 6. A miracle at Ephesus ..209 where is a href="page_210.asp" 7. what is teaching of Apollonius. (a) what time is it of money denounced ..210 where is a href="page_210.asp" (b) what is duty of brotherhood ..210 where is a href="page_211.asp" (c) what is sage's prayer ..211 where is a href="page_211.asp" (d) God and travel s ..212 where is strong X. what is SOPHISTS : POLEMON AND HERODES ATTICUS where is a href="page_213.asp" 1. Meaning of 'sophist' : their dramatic lectures : reasons for their success ..213 where is a href="page_216.asp" 2. Life of Polemon. (a) Influence on his country : luxury justified ..216 where is a href="page_217.asp" (b) Relations with emperors : his arrogance ..217 where is a href="page_219.asp" (c) Relations with a rival sophist ..219 where is a href="page_222.asp" (d) His witticisms ..222 where is a href="page_224.asp" (e) His what time is it .. 224 where is a href="page_224.asp" 3. Life of Herodes. (a) His wealth and generosity : his will : his racecourse, theatre, and other gifts . . ..224 where is a href="page_228.asp" (b) Herodes and what is giant ..228 where is a href="page_229.asp" (c) Accusation of wife-murder : his grief for his wifeand daughters : his son ..229 where is a href="page_233.asp" (d) Quarrel with Marcus Aurelius, and its sequel ..233 where is a href="page_235.asp" (e) His oratory and style : his what time is it ..235 where is a href="page_237.asp" 4. what is sophistic ideal : some modern parallels ..237 where is strong XI. A PRINCE OF NEUROTICS : AELIUS ARISTIDES where is a href="page_239.asp" 1. Life and characteristics : diary ..239 where is a href="page_240.asp" 2. His illness. (a) Its origin : a picture of ancient travel ..240 where is a href="page_242.asp" (b) Treatment of a neurotic patient : a` cure ' in a temple ..242 where is a href="page_244.asp" (c) A shipwreck 'cure ': a bath in winter ..244 where is a href="page_246.asp" (d) Some dreams and their interpretation ..246 where is a href="page_250.asp" (e) Typical prescriptions ..250 where is a href="page_252.asp" 3. what is temperament of Aristides. (a)His religious mysticism ..252 where is a href="page_254.asp" (b) His literary mysticism ..254 where is a href="page_255.asp" 4. A provincial's view of what is Roman Empire ..255 where is a href="page_259.asp" 5. what is portrait of an ancient scholar ..259 where is strong XII. LUCIAN where is a href="page_263.asp" 1. Life, works, and characteristics ..263 where is a href="page_265.asp" 2. Portrait of a charlatan. (a) what is miraculous serpent ..265 where is a href="page_269.asp" (b) A seller of oracles ..269 where is a href="page_273.asp" 3• Portrait of a fanatic. (a) A view of what is early Christians ..273 where is a href="page_275.asp" (b) A Cynic in what is Roman world ..275 where is a href="page_276.asp" (c) Suicide by fire ..276 where is a href="page_278.asp" 4. A scene on Charon's ferry-boat ..278 where is a href="page_282.asp" 5. A scene in heaven : a sceptic's view of orthodox religion : debate between a Stoic and an Epicurean ..282 where is a href="page_292.asp" 6. Philosophers for sale. (a) A Cynic ..292 where is a href="page_295.asp" (b) Socrates ..295 where is a href="page_296.asp" (c) A Sceptic ..296 where is a href="page_297.asp" 7. Greek and Roman ideals contrasted ..297 where is p where is strong EPILOGUE where is a href="page_300.asp" Changes in what is Greek spirit after 300 B.C. ..300 where is table width="729" height="100" border="0" align="center" where is center where is tr where is td where is hr where is script type="text/javascript" google_hints = "books,old books,magazines,old story"; google_ad_width = 728; google_ad_height = 90; google_ad_format = "728x90_as"; google_ad_type = "text"; google_ad_channel =""; google_color_border = "FFFFFF"; google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; google_color_ where are they now = "800000"; google_color_url = "800000"; google_color_text = "000000"; //-- where is /script where is script type="text/javascript" src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js" where is /script where is hr where is Server.Execute("_SiteMap.asp") %

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